LINK TO ONE OF OUR 45 MEMBER COUNTRIES FOR LOCAL SUPPORT, ADVICE AND NEWS

view map
close
  • Finland
  • Norway
  • Sweden
  • Estonia
  • Russian Federation
  • Latvia
  • Denmark
  • Lithuania
  • United Kingdom
  • Netherlands
  • Ireland
  • Poland
  • Germany
  • Belgium
  • Czech Republic
  • Ukraine
  • Slovakia
  • Luxembourg
  • Moldova, Republic of
  • Austria
  • France
  • Switzerland
  • Romania
  • Slovenia
  • Croatia
  • Serbia
  • Bosnia & Herzegovina
  • Bulgaria
  • Italy
  • Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of
  • Spain
  • Greece
  • Israel

Therapies

For the treatment of Gaucher disease

Two different types of therapies for Gaucher patients are currently approved:

  • enzyme replacement therapy (ERT)
  • substrate reduction therapy (SRT)

Other treatment options, e.g. gene therapy and chaperone therapy, are in the development phase. There are also several clinical trials currently being undertaken in patients with Gaucher disease.

Enzyme replacement therapy

With ERT, the missing or deficient enzyme (glucocerebrosidase) is replaced with a functional enzyme. This enzyme takes over the function of patient’s deficient enzyme and breaks down the accumulated enzyme's substrate (glucocerebroside). Enzyme is administered intravenously at regular intervals throughout an individual's lifetime.

Currently, three ERT preparations are approved for the market:  Cerezyme© (imiglucerase, manufactured by Genzyme Therapeutics),  VPRIV© (velaglucerase alfa, manufactured by Shire Human Genetics) and Elelyso©  Taliglucersae alfa, manufactured by Protalix  Biotherapeutics and Pfizer). Please note that Elelyso is not licensed for use by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) and therefore is not available in the European Union.

Substrate reduction therapy

In the SRT, the formation of the enzyme substrate (glucocerebroside) is inhibited by a small molecule. As a result, cells have less substrate and its accumulation is stopped. Small molecule is administered orally, in a tablet or capsule form.

Approved SRT treatments are Zavesca© (miglustat, manufactured by Actelion) as well as Cerdelga© (Eliglustat, manufactured by Genzyme Therapeutics)